This volume is a joint collaboration between New York University Abu Dhabi and the Master Program in Energy: Strategy, Law & Economics, University of Piraeus, Greece. It explores how the world’s growing energy needs and the deepening climate crisis compel scholars and policy makers to reconsider international partnerships, rethink laws and policies, re-examine institutional capabilities and search for ways to build resilience and adaptability. The purpose of this interdisciplinary dialogue is to shed light on transformations in the energy sector, institutional responses to energy security, the growing need for a diverse energy mix, city living in the Anthropocene, interdisciplinary cooperation, and the necessity for new global alliances that will provide the necessary leadership toward a low carbon future. This collection of academic essays is of interest to lawyers, political scientists, researchers and other professionals dealing with energy policy, as well as to those who want to keep up to date with critical aspects of energy issues, needs and future prospects. Participants include faculty members and researchers from universities and research centers around the world, including the University of Piraeus (Greece), New York University Abu Dhabi, Queen’s University Belfast (UK), Universidade do Algarve (Portugal), Universidad Nacional del Litoral (Argentina), and other experts on energy issues.